Creazione di un Ambiente Domestico Sicuro (Development of a safe living environment)
Beginning date : 2020
End Date : 2022
The aim of this project is to develop safe living environments in which all elements are able to adequately respond to extreme situations through the use of domotics and building automation. To this end, the optimization and implementation of new, technologically innovative, intelligent, eco-sustainable non-structural products and systems that are integrated into a home automation environment are expected to reduce the overall risk of buildings.
The seismic events that occurred in last years have highlighted the high vulnerability of the Italian and worldwide building stock, causing thousands of casualties and huge economic losses. At the beginning of the 20th century, Prof. Modesto Panetti from Politecnico di Torino claimed that the effects of earthquakes on structures were a dynamic problem, too complex to be analyzed. The numerous efforts made by researchers over the last century have allowed improvement of the the knowledge in the field of earthquake engineering and the development of verified procedures oriented to the study of structural seismic response in view of the safeguarding of human life. However, in order to obtain a given level of performance for living environments, it is not sufficient to ensure a proper structural behavior, but it is also necessary to consider non-structural elements, thereby studying the whole "building system". The seismic events that have occurred over the last few years have shown that despite a proper seismic design can guarantee adequate structural performance, buildings may still be unusable due to damage to non-structural elements (Fig.1).
Fig. 1: Non structural elements's damage (Partitions, Ceiling System, Shelving)
The aim of this project is to develop safe living environments in which all elements are able to adequately respond to extreme situations through the use of domotics and building automation. To this end, the optimization and implementation of new, technologically innovative, intelligent, eco-sustainable non-structural products and systems that are integrated into a home automation environment are expected to reduce the overall risk of the buildings. The performance of these elements will be evaluated by defining a classification and certification process that will allow designers to evaluate and select products based on expected performance as well as on structural and functional requirements (Fig.2).
To this aim, standardized procedures will be developed for the design, development, monitoring and certification of intelligent and technologically advanced non-structural elements.
The objectives of the project will be achieved through numerical and experimental tests, also thanks to the capabilities of the 6DLab in Eucentre (https://www.eucentre.it/6dlab-laboratory/?lang=en).
Fig. 2: Non structural elements's classification
The project will contribute to a radical revolution in the decision-making process of planning and optimizing resources invested in improving living environments. Until now, the choice of particular non-structural elements, such as furniture, equipment and partitions, was mainly related to architectural and energy issues. The introduction into the market of new products for which a seismic certification is also provided and at the same time being perfectly implemented in the building automation guaranteeing their prompt response in emergency situations will be a turning point in the improvement of the living and wellness environments of occupants.
André Filiatrault, Roberto Nascimbene, Daniele Perrone, Milena Casto.
EUCENTRE, Università Enna Kore, Consorzio STRESS – S.C.A.R.L. con UniNA, UniSANNIO, Consorzio Tre, Sea Costruzioni S.R.L., Tecnosistem S.p.a., Consorzio Dhitech con UniSALENTO, IUSS Pavia, La Tecnica nel Vetro S.r.l., Biotecnomed S.c.a.r.l., Sib Case Mobili S.r.l., ETA Spa, Edil Vetro Srl.
Total budget: 7.442.817,12 €
IUSS budget: 410.000,00 €