ICARO - IUSS Center for Astronomical and Remote-sensing Observations


IUSS Pavia, within the EXTraS project, will hold a workshop from 21 to 23 November 2016, dedicated to various aspects of variability inthe X-ray sky.

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The International Center for Astronomical and Remote-sensing Observations (ICARO) deals with various aspects related to the data analysis of Space and Earth observation by remote sensors: design and calibration of (space or terrestrial) instrumentation; development, implementation and optimization of data analysis algorithms and procedures; modeling and interpretation of results.

 More specifically, the main topics are:

- Study of different classes of astrophysical objects, with particular interest for the high energy emission by compact objects

- Analysis and fusion of Earth observation data for the detection, characterization and classification of the observed objects, with particularly attention to risk applications

- Study of the possibility of integration of Earth/space observation data and crowdsourcing data

- Contribution to the design and implementation of astronomical instruments in space and on-ground.

In 2014-2016, ICARO participates in the FP7 project Exploring the X-ray Transient and variable Sky (EXTraS), which consists of the systematic analysis of data from the EPIC instrument on-board the ESA X-ray satellite XMM-Newton, aimed at the characterization of the temporal variability of all the detected astrophysical X-ray sources. The international collaboration involved in the project will release to the scientific community the complete catalog of variable objects and the software used for the production of the catalog itself. The project also includes activities to disseminate the results to the general public, particularly in schools.

In the field of Earth observation, ICARO coordinates its activities with the following FP7 projects: SENSUM (Framework to integrate Space-based and in-situ sENSing for dynamic vUlnerability and recovery Monitoring), MARSite (Marmara Supersite) e RASOR (Rapid Analysis and Spatialization Of Risk). These projects are related to the exploitation, in various forms and with different approaches, of the satellite data relevant to the extraction, the organization and the efficient use of information on risk assessment, especially about the vulnerability and exposure of people and goods.

The main activities of ICARO in the field of astronomical instrumentation are related to the design and management of space missions and ground-based observatories. In particular, ICARO participates to the calibration and monitoring of the performance of the EPIC instrument on-board the ESA satellite XMM-Newton. In addition, ICARO contributes to the working groups proposing the next ESA space missions for X-ray astronomy, LOFT and Athena. Moreover, the IUSS is part of the international collaboration that is designing the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), an array of optical telescopes sensitive Cherenkov light, which will be the largest instrument for the observation of the gamma-ray sky at very high energies. In this case, ICARO contributes both to the definition of the scientific requirements and the development of software for the complex analysis of CTA data.


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IUSS - Istituto Universitario di Studi Superiori di Pavia
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